Structure Question: Adjective Clause Connector (Skill 9)

Posted: April 24, 2012 in TOEFL
Soal mengenai Adjective clause connector sering sekali di berikan di TOEFL Test. Silakan baca dan pelajari penjelaan berikut ini.
Perhatikan dua contoh kalimat dibawah ini:

(English Version)

1. a. This is the house (first clause)
b. I want to buy the house (second clause)

Kalau kedua clause tersebut kita gabungkan, maka menjadi: this is the house (that) I want to buy

Analisa:

  • This adalah Subject dan Is adalah Verb nya. Sedangkan Clause kedua, I adalah subject dan want adalah Verbnya. That berfungsi sebagai Connector yang menghubungkan kedua Clause diatas.    

2. a. The house is quite expensive (first clausa)
b. I want to buy the house (second Klausa)

Kalau kedua clause tersebut digabung, maka menjadi:  
                   The house that I want to buy is quite expensive

     Analisa:

  • house adalah subject dan is adalah verb untuk clause pertama.  I adalah subject dan verbnya adalah want. Kedua kalimat ini digabungkan dengan adjective clause connector that.
Perhatikan contoh soal TOEFL tentang adjective clause connector dibawah ini.
Example

The job _____ started yesterday was rather difficult.

(A) when
(B) was
(C) after
(D) that he

Analisa:

  • Ada dua clauses pada kalimat di atas.
  • Clause pertama: Job sebagai subject dan was sebagai verb.
  • Clause yang kedua: belum ada subjectnya sedangkan started sebagai verb.
  • Karena ada dua clauses, juga di butuhkan Connector untuk memnghubungkan mereka.
  • Jawaban terbaik adalah (D) that he karena he merupakan subject untuk kata kerja started dan connector that untuk menghubungkan kedua clause tersebut.

Perhatikan chart untuk adjective clause connectors dan sentence patterns dibawah ini:

EXERCISE 9:

Perhatikan soal di bawah ini. Masing masing kalimat memiliki lebih dari satu clause. Perharikan Subject dan verb dari tiap-tiap clause dan juga connectornya. Check apakah kalimat di bawah ini benar atau salah.

1. I did not believe the story that he told me. (Correct)

   Analysis:

First Clause                            : I did not believe the story
Second Clause                       : He told me
Adjective clause connector     : that

2. Ms. Brown, whom did you recommend for the job, will start work tomorrow.(Incorrect)

    Analysis:

First clause                         : Ms. Brown will start work tomorrow
Second clause                    : Did you recommend for the job (incorrect)
It should be you recommended for the job
Adjective clause connector : whom

The correct sentence is Ms. Brown, who you recommended for the job, will start work tomorrow.

3. The lecture notes which lent me were not clearly written.(I)

Analysis:

First clause                       : The lecture notes were not clearly written
Second clause                  :  lent me (incorrect)
It should be I lent
Adjective clause connector : which

The correct sentence is the lecture notes which I lent were not clearly written

4. Sally has an appointment with the hairdresser whom you recommended. (C)

Analysis:

First clause                         : Sally has an appointment with the hairdresser
Second clause                    : you recommended
Adjective clause connector : whom

5. The phone number that you gave me.

Analysis:

First clause                        : The phone number (incorrect: no verb)
Second clause                   :  you gave me
Adjective clause connector : that
The correct sentence is The phone number that you gave me was wrong

6. She is able to solve all the problems which did she cause.(I)

Analysis:

First clause                            : She is able to solve the problems
Second clause                       : did she cause (incorrect)
It should be she caused
Adjective clause connector : which
The correct sentence           : She is able to solve all the problems which she caused

7. The day that she spent on the beach left her sunburned. (C)

Analysis:

First clause                           : The day left her sunburned
Second clause                       :  she spend on the beach
Adjective clause connector :  that

8. Next week I am going to visit my cousins, whom have not seen in several years.(I)

Analysis:

First clause                           : Next week I am going to visit my cousins
Second clause                      :  have not seen in several years (incorrect)
It should be I have not seen in several years
Adjective clause connector   : whom
The correct sentence is Next week I am going to visit my cousins, whom i have not seen in several years

9. Did you forget the promise whom you made? (C)

Analysis:

First clause                            : Did you forget the promise
second clause                        : you made
Adjective clause connector    : whom

10. The teacher whom the students like the most is their history teacher. (C)

Analysis:

First clause                             : The teacher is their history teacher
Second clause                        :  the students like the most
Adjective clause connector     :  whom

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s